Memorial Day Blog


Spring into Summer

Weren't we just talking about Quill Gordons and Hendricksons? Then the March Browns and caddis? It seems like spring no sooner gets started till it's summer! We had a cool wet early spring and while we didn't have really high water to speak of, we did have lots of cold nights and sluggish mornings on the stream when not much was happening and we had to coax the fish with streamers and nymphs until the water warmed in the afternoons. Then the March Browns appeared, nights warmed up and dry fly fishing kicked off.

Now here we are at Memorial Day with summer right around the corner. The stream has dropped from spring levels and is gin-clear, clarity has always been a trademark of Fishing Creek. March Brown spinners are appearing in the evening along with a few sulphurs. Seasons are changing again and now it's lovely to be on the stream at daylight and again for the last hour or two before dark. During the day we're fishing inch worms, beetles and other favorite terrestrials. Sometimes in the evening an angler can pick up shouts and cheers of a soccer or baseball game from the nearby athletic fields. Yes, summer is here.

But like spring, it won't last long and soon we'll be asking the same question of the Light Cahills and Slate Drakes. What happened to them? But, for now we are in full swing and trying to enjoy everyday that we can get on the water. We hope you're getting out to fish. It truly is a magical time of year.....and it goes so fast.

If you're a veteran, we thank you for your service and we remember the men and women who died while in the military service protecting our country. We spend time remembering those who lost their lives and could not come home, reflecting on their service and why we have the luxury and freedom that we enjoy today. We might consider how we can better support and safeguard their grieving families and loved ones who are left behind.

Happy Memorial Day to you and your family.


Leigh Perkins, who built Orvis, dies at 93

A true fly fishing pioneer. The man who transformed the Vermont-based Orvis  leighperkinscompany into an international powerhouse.

Guiding & Lessons Staying Strong

It's been a busy couple of weeks with guiding, lessons, and corporate groups. Lots of great fish have been caught by lots of happy anglers!

 Frisch Clinic  Holly Morrison 0587  Frisch Clinic 0572 Holly Morrison 0596   Kirk Swigart 2331  Nancy Marr 0591 Ryan 0593

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Fly Sale & Cast Around a Corner

Fly Sale $12.00 dozen

Who puts flies on sale in peak season? We do. We are making room for our new caddis nymphspatterns (poly fluffs and cdc thorax duns), so are offering our parachute duns, klinkhammers, low profile caddis, and tungsten orange butt nymphs at great savings.

This sale is not in the online store, but email and phone only. We want to talk about quantities and patterns, while supply lasts, and this is the quickest, easiest way. Do not email your credit card information. Give us a phone number and we will call you or send us your Klinkhammerspayment via Paypal to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. We will match it to your email.

570-925-2392. Be prepared with:

1. Your name and address
2. A phone number where you can be reached
3. Quantities and patterns
4. PA residents must include 6% sales tax
5. Shipping is $5.00 for this special only. International rates are higher
6. Method of Payment. Credit Card or Paypal
7. Leave your order in a voicemail if we can not pick up the phone when you call. We will return your call if we have questions or are out of a pattern parachutes

These are beautifully tied flies, good patterns and at $12 a dozen is a great price. Call us today! 570-925-2392 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Parachute Duns: Little Blue Quills (16), Hendricksons (14), March Browns (12), BWO Cornuta (16), Sulphur (16/18), Light Cahill (14), Slate Drake (12), Mahogany (12).

Low Profile Caddis: Black, Tan, or Pale Green (14, 16).

Tungsten Orange Butt Nymphs: Great anchor or attractor nymph...and tungsten! (10, 12, 14).

Cast Around a Corner

RIO's 1-minute fly casting tips (your homework for this week)
This week’s RIO Fly Fishing Tip shows how to bend your fly line around a corner. This cast, known as a Positive Curve Cast, or a Shepherd's Crook Cast, is a great cast to have in your repertoire as it enables you cast to the side of a weed bed, and bend your fly line round to land in front of a fish (and not over the top of the weed bed) - just as it is shown in this video.


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Tying the Rusty Spinner & Understanding Mayflies


Tying the Rusty Spinner

"The Rusty Spinner is one of those fly patterns that really needs no introduction," says Tim Flagler of this week's featured pattern. "Kind of like a Woolly Bugger or an Adam’s Parachute. It’s found in virtually every fly shop and catalog, and is, by far and away, one of the most effective flies that’s ever been, particularly for fishing at or after dark." Watch as Tim goes through the steps.
Tip: Little blue quills, Hendricksons, and March Brown spinners can all be matched by using a rusty (or red brown) spinner in appropriate sizes. Try a light dun wing of poly fluff for easy visibility.

 Tom Rosenbauer Helps Us Understand Mayflies

Tom needs no introduction to the fly fishing community. He has been the face of Orvis for many years and here he offers a short refresher on the stages of a mayfly and why they are important to the fly fisherman. We are knee-deep in the spring hatches and Dun stage mayflybeing able to recognize what the insects are doing will help us select the correct fly.

This Week in Review

We're getting some fresh rain in the stream today and the March Browns are just now beginning to show. Peak season is approaching and may be here as we see Hendricksons, tan caddis, and March Browns on the water – often at the same time. It's an amazing time of year on a trout stream!
  Carl Herman  JohnCassiani  DinoCerdeira  Karen Brown 0485  Misty Carew 0505 Paul Stajduhar Brad2

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Spring has Sprung, 2 Trip Openings, & Spring Guiding

Spring Has Sprung!

All winter we waited, March arrived and with it a handful of warm days and anxious fishermen were on the water looking and hoping to see Quill Gordons and early black stones. But snow was still coming off the mountain and nights were in the 30s. Most of the fishing was dredging the bottom. April arrived and hopes shot sky high, the snow was gone but then came back. The water was too cold and the hatches sluggish. But as the days ticked by, nights grew warmer, water temperatures slowly rose and now we're celebrating with the start of good dry fly fishing.  2464Caddis Emerger 2021 BECK IMAGE

Tan caddis, Little Blue Quills, and Hendricksons are leading the march. With the longer, warmer days will come delightful evening spinner falls. We have new patterns for all of these flies in the store. Fly patterns are listed 0741 LBQ 2021 BECK IMAGEalphabetically, so be sure to browse the dry flies and nymphs & emergers. We're excited to see how well the poly fluff duns are doing. Barry says “Poly fluff flies are tied to catch fish – not just fishermen. They're buggy and they work”

As we continue to update the store, you will notice that we're changing the background color to gray for better fly detail and color. You'll see new patterns, photos, and tips for fishing the flies.  thorax dun

It tis the season, as they say, and everyday is exciting, some more than others but that's how it goes, and the unknown is what keeps us going back to the river. We hope you're getting out. This spring season will pass quickly, so take advantage of it.


2 Rooms 2 Trips

It feels so good to be talking about trips again! Hopefully 2022 will be a busy year of hosting trips, but for now we are happy to be returning to Turneffe Flats, Belize, October 16-23, 2021, and Tres Valles, Argentina, December 4-11, 2021.

 1477 TRES VALLES MARCH 2019We have one room at each lodge for either 2 anglers at double occupancy (shared room, shared boat), or a single angler at single occupancy. Although the itineraries are not showing current dates, please refer to the 2020 information on our web site. Except for dates and a slight price adjustment, information is correct. Contact us for further information.  4128 PERMIT


Guiding & Lessons

Looks like spring. The warm coats, hats & gloves are being replaced with rolled up sleeves and warm smiling faces.

 Brooke Record 0492  Diana Straitiff 0494  James Unkefer 0040 2  Mitch Jordan 0023

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Carbon Neutrality for Delta, Stream Report, & Fish for the Future

Carbon Neutrality for Delta

We all want to make this world a better place for our children and future generations, but sometimes no matter what we do, it's seems too big a job. That doesn't mean that we stop trying.  delta

Along with individuals, there are small companies working hard to make a difference and Patagonia Clothing Company is way out in front,but it's nice to see a big, really big, corporation taking steps to literally change the way they operate in a positive, environmentally good way. Take a look at what Delta Airlines is doing. Let's hope it spreads!

Jim's Stream Report

Terry Johnson 0391It's been a busy week on the stream with guiding, and the fishing has been good. We are seeing caddis, blues quills and Hendericksons with hatches starting in early afternoon. Mother nature has been throwing us a curve ball with one nice spring day and the next day resembling winter with wind, rain and cold.  Mike Pavone

Monday started out cold, but nymph fishing was good throughout the morning. Fly selection was pretty much the normal early spring flies such as pheasant tails, hare's ear, dead drifting small streamers and caddis emergers. The poly fluff caddis emerger has been my go to fly this spring. After lunch blue quills and Hendericksons were hatching and we had a nice afternoon of dry fly fishing with  Kristy Clewett 0356several nice trout being brought to the net.

jimfly1I had high expectations for more dry fly fishing on Tuesday especially since the weather was a lot nicer. Although we saw hatches starting just before noon, nothing really developed bug-wise. Late afternoon size 16 and 18 bead head euro nymphs were the flies of the day and of course the size 16 caddis emerger. Mark Clewett 0360All in all it’s spring time in Pennsylvania and snow flurries are in the forecast tonight and tomorrow morning. Last year at this time in a snow blizzard I saw an awesome Henderickson hatch. I'm anxious to see what tomorrow brings on the stream. The fish are hungry and it's a great time to be on the water. John Frisch 0471

-Jim Kukorlo

Fish For the Future

Some of our most formative experiences come from time on the river. Those lessons equip us to live a more meaningful life, one of responsibility to the natural resources that have given us so much. For many, fly fishing guides are the conduit through which those lessons are shared. Guides are the backbone of the fly fishing world, and their job goes far beyond showing someone how to fish. They are teachers, gurus, friends, and advocates for wild places.

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European Style Nymphing & Stream Report

European Style Nymphing?

Or high-sticking, as it's always been called around here, has never been my preferred style of fly fishing. Most of us, given a choice, would prefer a nice warm day with good water levels, flies hatching, fishing rising, and flies in your box that the fish want to eat. After all, isn't that what we all hope for when we get the opportunity to fish.  1897APRIL EURO 2021 BECK IMAGE 2

Unfortunately, the days when we hit it perfectly are few and far between and maybe it wouldn't be such a “gift” if it happened more often.....or at least that's what they say. I'd like to test that theory. Early season here always means a little more water, cold water, and sporadic hatches. Once in awhile we might get a day like the one described above, but those days are more likely to happen in May and June, not April. So, this year I decided that I wanted to be come a better Euro nymph fishermen.

We've had a Sage ESN, 10' for a 3-weight in the rack for awhile waiting for one of us to be “moved” so out it came. Our guide, Tom Harris, set it up for me with a spool of 20 lb. amnesia and then 42” of 20 lb. chameleon to 42” of 12 lb. chameleon, followed with RIO's Two Tone Indicator Tippet to a barrel swivel and fluorocarbon from there to the flies.

1899APRIL EURO2021 BECK IMAGEA few years ago when we were in Slovenia we fished a similar style and I remember struggling to cast because it was all monofilament. I slowly got the drift and by the end of the week I had it worked out. My arm was killing me, but I was able to catch fish. However, I have to admit that our excellent guide, Tina Possnig, could see the fly and the fish and would would yell “strike” so I just waited to be told. I could see fish moving but could not tell which one had picked up the fly. She could.

Yesterday the water was a bit off-color, deeper, and faster than usual. There was no sight-fishing to be had so I had to rely on watching the two tone tippet. I had a #14 tungsten brass bead nymph as my point fly (bottom) and a lighter bead hare's ear in the top position. I again struggled with casting mono and decided that before I do this again I will have the RIO Technical Euro Nymph Shorty line because I think it will be easier to cast and therefore more accurate.

The hardest part for me was reading the drift and since the water was not clear, trying to determine if my depth was right. The two tone tippet is a life saver and I think the technique will come, but there is definitely a learning curve – but one that I like and am up for. I enjoy fishing two nymphs on a long leader with a strike indicator (up to a point), but this is more challenging and I like that. I can see where a tuck cast is a great cast to use, as Russ Miller describes in the RIO video along with other ESN tips. The fact that I can land a good fish in current on 5x fluorocarbon is a testament to the ESN's softer rod tip and I think the light tippet allows the flies to look more natural in the drift.

There is a lot to learn, but for me it's nice to do something besides watch an indicator. There's a lot more to think about and I'm pretty sure I'll be a better fisherman for it. I'll check back in in a week or two – unless the dry fly fishing takes off!


Stream Report – April 15, 2021

Kyle W. 0310 Early April fly fishing here on Fishing Creek has been very good with some really nice trout caught and a fair amount of action throughout the day. Each day we were seeing more and more insect activity including the early black stones, blue quills and Hendricksons. That was right up to last Sunday rain which brought the creek up and for the next few days a sinking tip line and Cathy’s super buggers brought several nice trout to the net.  Bailey W. 0303
Water levels are dropping quickly and the stream is looking good again. In fact I spent the day today on the water with two fishing buddies and nymph fishing was slow in the morning, but very productive in the afternoon.
Blue quills were hatching from around noon on but we saw very few rising fish. Around three o'clock we saw more Hendericksons and a lot more rising fish. I switched to my dry fly rod and caught several nice trout on a Henderickson dun tied with the new polyfluff wing material. It was the first time I fished a dry fly tied with polyfluff and it’s the best wing material I’ve ever used. Polyfluff is water proof, very easy to see, casts well and is easy to tie flies with. I caught my first trout of the year on a dry fly plus several more before the hatch slowed down.
And so it begins! It was the first day of a decent Henderickson hatch and it will only get better as the days goes by. The weekend shows great promise for good dry fly fishing and it will continue right on into summer.
I hope to see you this spring on Fishing Creek. Here are some photos from this past week.

Jim Kukorlo

 Dino 0445   Jessica 0446

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Stream Report & The Spark

Stream/Fishing Report

Jim Kukorlo     April 8, 2021

Saturday, April 3rd, was the official opening day of trout season in Pennsylvania and for the most part it was very much the usual cold and windy day with cold water temperatures that we associate opening days in the past. The sun eventually came out in the afternoon making a nice day to be on the water.  Mary Shughart
Fly fishing was slow in the morning but the afternoon sun took the chill out of the air and trout were a little more aggressive. Early black stone fly nymphs, sucker spawn and pheasant tail nymphs were the hot flies of the day.
Mike BrownMonday gave us sunshine and warmer temperatures and the fish were definitely more active and so were the insects. A few blue quills and a steady hatch of early black stones around mid day. Tuesday and Wednesday provided warmer temperatures and each day we saw more blue quills, black stone flies and a few Hendrickson duns with some rising fish around mid day. Water temperature on Wednesday rose to 53 degrees with some guys landing a few trout on dry flies.
Weather report for the remainder of the week and into the weekend promises air temperatures in the low 70s and warmer nights which will raise the water temperature. Hendericksons and blue quills start hatching when the water temperature reaches the mid 50s.
Everything is lining up to seeing more blue quills and Hendericksons hatching in the next few days. Some rain showers are in the forecast which sometimes help trigger the hatches. Looking back at photos and blog from last year, we saw heavy Hendericksons around April 11 th . It looks like we are on track to see the first major hatch of year very soon. Steve Stahl
We still have days available in the guiding schedule for spring. Give the office a call to book a day or two with us for some early season fly fishing. 570-925-2392 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..



Questions Needed   question

Along with Jim's Stream/Fishing Report, I think it would be fun to give him a question from our readers each week. You know, from a guide's point of view. Or maybe ask two of the guides and publish each view. I like that idea. But, I need your help. If you will send me the questions, I'll give them to two of the guides, Jim and one other, and we'll see what answers we get. The questions must pertain to fishing, other than that the sky's the limit. Examples: When do you use fluorocarbon? When to fish a soft hackle and when to fish a nymph? What is the difference between a soft hackle and an emerger? What fly floatant do you use? Ask away. Submit the questions through the Comments section of the blog, so make sure you are viewing it online and not from your email (see note at very top of blog each week.) Do it now so you don't forget.

The Spark

We are sharing this story from the Patagonia Clothing Company newsletter/blog. Told from the perspective of a biologist who, 22 years ago, abandoned civilization to follow whales. It is different from most scientific articles and really is more of a real life story than a scientific paper. You can't help but admire the biologist and there are times when we all wish we could do the same thing. In the end, it should influence us when we're shopping for dinner. Thank you Patagonia.

banner stories the spark 94d73efd 86d3 44f5 b774 85ee9ee67c1d 2000x crop center



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Early Spring Fishing Tips


Fishing Season in Pennsylvania opens this Saturday, April 3. For April Fool's Day, today, the weatherman gave us an inch of snow and night time temperatures in the 20s. That means that even if we get a warm sunny day Saturday, the water will be cold and the fish will be sitting on the bottom. With that thought in mind –

Here are a 10 Quick Tips for early spring fishing:

Early season fishing often makes us to think “out of the box” and to be open minded to making adjustments in our fishing style if we are to catch fish. The techniques from last fall may not work now if we have typical spring conditions of cold water temperatures, higher water levels, and lethargic fish.

1. Fish streamers using a heavier rod and a sink-tip line to get “in the zone” quicker. Using a lot of split shot on a floating line is hard to cast, hard to control, and it is not going to sink as quickly as a sinking line.   Spring fly fishing0408
2. Avoid false casting which will wick the water out of the fly. Keep it wet so it sinks quickly on the next cast. At the end of the drift strip in a little line while keeping the rod tip raised and roll cast while the standing line is close to the surface. Be careful, this of often when the fish will hit the fly.
3. Fish your flies deep and slow. Fish are lethargic in cold water and don't want to move fast or far to get a meal.
4. Try dead drifting streamers or nymphs – or both. Trail a nymph a couple feet behind the streamer and use a strike indicator. Slow down your cast and open the loop to prevent tangles or use a roll cast.
5. If the water is off color, try a black streamer or flies with a bit of dazzle to get the fish's attention.
6. Know where the fish are likely to hold in high, cold water. Look for seams, cut banks, deep pockets, boulders. In these conditions fish will look for “soft spots”, places where they can sit out the high water while expanding as little energy as possible. These are places where they won't be in normal flows – eddies, back sides of islands, side riffles that are normally too shallow to hold fish.
7. Switch from your streamer rod to a longer, softer nymph rod and swing wet flies or soft hackles. 10 to 11 foot rods for 3 and 4-weight lines are popular and effective for this type of “European style” nymphing. Start with a yarn or clear or cork strike indicator, a 9' 5X leader and a soft hackle, add 3 feet more of 5X, and a tungsten bead head PT (pheasant tail). Start at the head of a pool and cast across stream, give the cast a few seconds to sink, mend line upstream if needed to slow down the cast, and study the indicator. Keep the rod tip just high enough so that the leader is drifting freely with no tension. You want as little fly line on the water as possible to avoid tension. This works best when you can get fairly close to the fish. Beware, often the takes are light and gentle. Use a roll cast to prevent tangles.  Spring fly fishing0147
8. If you're getting stuck on the bottom, move the indicator closer to the fly. If you're using split shot, go lighter. If you're not ticking the bottom, move the indicator further back or add shot or use a heavier fly.
9. Don't hesitate to change flies or change the indicator type or position if you've gone a half hour with no hits. This goes for streamers as well as dry flies. Change, change, change.
10. Be patient – lower, warmer water is coming along with hatches and dry fly fishing.

Now, where did I put my longjohns!

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Perfect From the Start, Guiding Season, & Season Opener Specials

Perfect From the Start

Troutbitten Bill Dell Fishing789 6 1We haven't featured anything from Troutbitten lately and this is a great article about presentation and when the trout decides to reject or accept our fly. Gives us something to think about as we're mending our line and fooling around with the cast before it reaches the fish. Thank you, again, Domenick. You make us think.

Guiding Season

We are about to kick off our guiding season. Jim was on the water for a couple half days this week and he saw Little Blue Quills and Early Black Stones. It's happening. Call soonDave Lownder 0009 to schedule a day or two with one of our guides. In the photo is Dave Lownder who fishes with us often.


Season Opener Fly Specials

Trout Season officially opens in Pennsylvania next Saturday, April 3. The water on our home stream is high at the moment, as it often is in the early season. We all long for the days of warm afternoons and hatches of Hendricksons, and we will get them, but April more often than not means nymphs and streamers. We have a number of fly selections that are perfect for the early season. Click through to the store for details and to order.

Pheasant Tails & Emergers    Selections 0421
Season Opener Nymph Special
Season Opener Ug Special
Squirmies & Buggers
Tungsten Bead Head Copper Nymph Selection
The Dirty Duo

*We always offer Free Shipping on orders of $50 or more. 

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All About Caddis

New Web Site is Coming

We are finally close to launching our new web site. I thought this year of basically quarantine would be a good time to take on the project, but it's turned out to be a long drawn out affair. Between Brooke and myself, we've got kids and grandkids attending school in the living room and not having any clear direction on where the travel business is headed or when we will resume traveling, canceling one trip after another, restrictions on lockdown and what we can and can not do with guiding and instruction here in Pennsylvania, and, well – it's been challenging. But, we all think it's changing...finally.

Both 0317Back to the web site, we're adding some new flies which we are excited about. You've seen and read about the poly fluff material that we're selling, using, and incorporating into some of our patterns. Last week we talked about poly fluff caddis adults and this week we have caddis emergers.

New Caddis Emergers (Pupa)

Our caddis emergers are tied with tungsten beads to sink quickly. The poly fluff wing case can't absorb water but the water hangs on it to make a realistic looking gas bubble Emerger 3532 1which all emerging caddis use to propel themselves to the surface. Caddis pupae are very hairy and the translucency of the synthetic poly fluff adds to the realism of the actual caddis. Tied right here by our guide, Tom Harris.  Online Store

4 Body Colors: Creamy Gray, Tan, Green, Light Olive
Sizes: 12, 14, 16

$2.25 each

 Understanding Caddis

   Here's a great short piece by Josh Deck, a full time guide with Fly Fishing the Smokies. We too will see the Grannom caddis here on Fishing Creek. Our Gannoms will have a bright green body and tan wing. The gas pocket that Josh talks about is perfectly caddis hatchimitated with the translucent, buggy-looking properties of poly fluff. Thanks, Jeff.

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Poly Fluff & Spring Guiding

Hank Ties with Poly Fluff

Here's an easy, durable, very visible caddis adult that anyone can tie. Hank, one of the “L's” in L&L Products that some of our readers will remember from a few years ago is now a neighbor. In these past months at home we started to play around with poly fluff and have been reminded of what a great material it is for so many applications in tying flies. With a little tweaking and some new colors, it is available again.

If you don't tie, we have these caddis flies available in our online store. We think you'll like them!

Poly Fluff Caddis

polyfluff2By the time you read this we should have a good inventory of black and tan caddis adult dry flies in 12's and 14's. Tied in the same style as Hank's caddis adult in the video above except that we've added legs. Online Store.



Quint’s Poly Fluff Parachute

Quint 0001I had an interesting chat with Quint Davis last week. Quint teaches fly tying classes in Cheyenne, Wyoming, and sent a photo of his poly fluff parachute dun. Micro Fibetts for the tail too. Beautifully done, Quint, thanks for sharing with us.


And Winding up the Week

The beautiful spring weather we’ve had this past week has brought out the fishermen — well, that and our Guiding Special which runs to the end of the month. Here’s the proof:

Guiding 0098  Guiding 0115  Guiding 0031 1  Guiding 0073

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Guiding Special, Carbon Neutral, & Prolonging the life of a fly line

Guiding Special Extended

We're ready and waiting

We had a very mild winter....until we announced the winter guiding special a few weeks Guides BECK IMAGEback. Now, after weeks of snow, ice, and freezing temps, it looks like spring might be on the way so we're extending the Winter Fishing Special until March 31st. Jim, our head guide, reported that he was out yesterday and it was one of the best days of the winter- and, he saw little black stoneflies and blue winged olives. With warmer temperatures the fish are more active and afternoons are pleasant. 4 hours guided fishing (Noon-4:00) for $175. Give us a call to schedule. 570-925-2392.

 What is Carbon Neutral?

Hi Everyone, I don't know what this means exactly. For the most part I think that it must be a good thing. Less pollution...or something like that. This article from the AFFTA Fisheries Fund first newsletter helps explain terms like this that are being tossed around these days. Let's all subscribe to the newsletter. Thank you AFFTA. Great job. Cathy.

Carbon Neutral 2021 02 25 at 10.02.49 AMWithin the past six months, I’ve received a slew of pitches for products and services that all sound eerily similar: a “climate positive” parka and burger, a “carbon negative” vodka, a “carbon neutral” shipping service, a “carbon zero” commuting app, and “zero carbon” coffee.   Net Zero Eye 01
For scientists and environmentalists, these phrases have been around for a while, but it’s only recently that companies, from small startups to established corporations, have adopted them for mainstream marketing use. Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos pledged to have the company be carbon neutral by 2040; Microsoft has committed to be carbon negative by 2030; Starbucks aims to be “resource positive” …..  Go Neutral
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How To Prolong The Life Of A Fly Line

In this episode of RIO's "How To Fly Fish" series, Chris Walker explains and demonstrates a number of ways that a fly line's coating can get damaged in day-to-day fishing situations. Having a fly line perform at the very best of its potential is much easier if you can avoid some of these very simple, common-sense mistakes.
Clearly explained in Chris's easy-going, simple-to-understand style, this film shows how easy it is to keep a fly line from getting damaged.
We've got a few packs of RIO's fly line cleaner that you'll see in the video. Send us a comment through the blog (make sure you're viewing online) and we'll send you a packet to try.

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PolyFluff & Super Thin Microfibetts

Friends & Family

snow stormOur thoughts and prayers are with everyone who is struggling with the ravages of this winter. Just about every part of the country has been affected in one way or another and we hope that you all soon have power restored, food enough, safe water to drink, and warm shelter.


Polyfluff & Microfibetts

If you saw the blog a couple weeks ago, you may have seen Barry introducing our new Polyfluff wing material for dry flies, emergers, and down wing caddis, etc., along with a new tail material Super Thin Microfibetts, great for spinner and dun tails.

Both 0317Polyfluff is available in 5 colors to start, with more colors coming. The Super Thin Micro Fibetts are white/clear. Both are now available in our online store. In the next couple of weeks we'll have Tom Harris, our guide and fly tier, and Hank Leonard, formerly of L&L Products, tying flies and showing different uses and tricks using these products. We hope the fly tiers among us will tune in.  Caddis 0315


29 Days Until Spring!

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Contest Winner, Sage 597-4 X, & Comparadun Sale

We Have a Winner!

lighthouseScott Hood was the first to correctly guess the Selkirk Lighthouse on the Salmon River in Oswego County. We had many guesses that were “mostly” right but something was missing. Congratulations Scott. Thank you to everyone who participated.


 Sage's 597-4 X

Matt McCannel is a Ridgeway, Colorado guide who specializes in guiding on tailwater sagexrivers. Read what he has to say about the Sage 597-4 X, for bigger water. You may want to consider the advantages of an extra six inches when fishing nymphs and mending line.

 Comparadun Sale from last week

Comparaduns 0278Not quite as much inventory as last week, but still good. $1.50 each.
We are discontinuing our comparaduns to make way for the new dry flies. There are many loyal comparadun fishermen out there and if you're one of them, now is a good time to stock up! Almost all of our stock has been beautifully tied by our long-time tier and friend, Jim Smethers, and right now we have a good inventory.
Order Today!

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Contest, PolyFluff, & Comparaduns on Sale

Contest! Join the Fun

lighthouseBe the first to name the lighthouse and tell us where it is and win a River Camo MFC fly box. Just in time for the season! Hint: The lighthouse is east of Cleveland, south of Portland, west of Martha's Vineyard, and north of Washington, DC. Hurry, if you know it tell us. Must reply in our Comments Section so make sure you're viewing this online and not in your email (link at top of blog).


Introducing PolyFluff Flies & Material

We're excited to tell you about our new Poly Fluff flies and material. With positive feedback from our friends who fished the flies last year, we're soon going to have them in our online store. Barry's going to tell us about the flies and the versatile tying material.


Comparadun Sale

We are discontinuing our comparaduns to make way for the new dry flies. There are many loyal comparadun fishermen out there and if you're one of them, now is a good time to stock up! Almost all of our stock has been beautifully tied by our long-time tier and friend, Jim Smethers, and right now we have a good inventory. Comparaduns 0278

$1.75 each while supply lasts. Order Today!



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Down Time

This week we have suggestions from Barry on getting our gear ready for spring and trout season. Let us know if you have any questions. You can access our comments section by viewing the blog online (see the option at the very top of the blog). We love hearing from our readers!!

Down Time

These are the months when we usually have time to check our gear to make sure we're ready for our next fishing trip. Let's look at some of the things we can do before spring rolls around.

If you use cleats, check your boots to see if any cleats are worn down or missing. If you're missing cleats, it's easy to replace them and now is the time to do it. Replace Nicos boots 0002 0173worn laces and examine the eyelets which can develop a sharp edge that will wear on the laces. Make sure the boot bottoms are not coming loose from the uppers. There are only so many repairs you can make, so it may be time for new boots. Your local or online fly shop should have new inventory coming in and will appreciate the order.

Everyone knows that leaky waders are no fun. On our last trip to Spain I had a leak that became more serious as the trip went on. I planned to patch the waders as soon as we got home but it slipped my mind and on the coldest day this fall I guided and was sorely reminded about the leak. If your waders are Goretex, you can easily find the leak by turning the waders inside out and spraying the inside with rubbing alcohol. The holes quickly show up as dark spots. A little drop of Aquaseal rubbed over the dark spot will solve the problem. For non-breathable materials turn the waders inside out and fill with water being careful not to get the outside wet. The water pressure will push a droplet of water through the wader where you can see it, mark the holes with a marker as they appear. The waders will be very heavy once filled with water so this process works best with two people and a hose. Once the material is dry cover the holes with aqua seal.

After a few seasons raincoats will start to seep or leak, especially around the shoulders, so it's good to periodically treat the fabric with ReviveX or Nikwax. Goretex molecules shrink over time and putting the raincoat in the clothes dryer for a half hour will expand the molecules. Follow the directions carefully for either product. Zippers can sometimes be a problem so a light coat of zipper lube will keep them running smoothly.

This is the perfect time to reorganize your fly boxes, restock favorite patterns and add new ones. We like compartment boxes for storage but prefer to fish out of boxes that keep our flies more organized, accessible and secure. A long time ago I opened a compartment box upside down on the stream and lost most of the contents. The icing on the cake was watching a trout rise to an escaped fly floating downstream.

Vests, hip packs, or whatever you use to carry your flies and accessories should be inventoried. Stock up on tapered leaders, replace near empty tippet spools and fly floatant, fly drying crystals, split shot, strike indicators, stripping fingers, lip balm, hook sharpener and other accessories. Don't forget to purchase a new fishing license.

Rod handles can be cleaned with a mild soap and warm water. We often use a Simple Green, from the hardware store, for deep down dirt. Reel seats should be clean of dirt and gricleaningt. Grit in a screw lock reel seat can be a real problem. Stripping guides, snake guides, and tip tops should be checked for wear and replaced if necessary. If your rod has given you many years of service, carefully examine guides and tip tops. Sometimes a sharp edge or groove will develop which can ruin a fly line. Using Pledge wipes on your rod blank will make it look like new.

Reels should also be carefully inspected and cleaned. Watch for corrosion or grit build up around screws, and crevices. Turn back the drags and check the screws that hold the reel foot to the frame as this is a place that can collect sand or grit. If your tackle is used in salt water, this type of maintenance becomes more important than ever and will need to be done periodically throughout the season. Pledge wipes will also make your reels look new again.

Fly lines should be cleaned as necessary during the season but examined again before the start of a new season. Check out RIO's 2 part YouTube series How To Clean a Fly Line. and

Examine your welded loops and nail knots both on the leader line connection as well as the fly line backing connection for any wear and replace if there is any doubt. Take a good look at your backing and make sure the wraps are on tight and even on the reel so there is no chance for a tangle or knot that will cause you to lose a good fish.

Even your landing net should be looked at. Holes in the net bag may let a fish escape so give it a look and repair if necessary.

Outside our office window it's snowing. A text came awhile ago from our guide, Tom Harris, who decided to go fishing. He tells us that he missed one fish early this morning but nothing since, says he's having trouble changing flies because of cold fingers. Here in the tackle room Eric Clapton is playing in the background, it's nice and warm, and the perfect day to check gear and maybe tie a few flies. We may fish tomorrow, if the weather forecast improves, but for now it's down time.   -Barry



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RIO's New Skagit Shooting Heads & Multi Spey Rod Strategy


Joes Steelhead 1 22 21 at 10.57 AMOur congratulations to Joe Compton on his biggest steelhead to date. A beautiful 31” fish caught somewhere between Ohio and Pennsylvania (he's not saying more than that!).


RIO's New Skagit Shooting Heads

And to round out winter fishing this week we have RIO's new Skagit Shooting Heads. It's always a pleasure to listen to Simon talk about spey casting. He and his team at RIO never stop thinking of ways to improve their products and they've done it again. If winter steelhead is your game, with new technology, taper design, and color coding it's easier than ever to keep yourself organized. Watch the video. Visit the RIO web site for more information.

Steelhead tactics vary greatly from the west coast to the Erie tributaries with season, skagitwater levels, and the size and condition of the streams which all factor in determining what tackle and methods we use. So, needless to say there is often confusion around steelhead rods and lines and the more we understand the options, the better the decisions we can make. If Skagit lines are in your arsenel of flylines, you'll like the new shooting heads. RIO has been the leader in offering steelhead anglers the tackle they need for all situations.

Your Multi-Spey Rod Strategy

speyrodsAnd while we’re on the subject of steelhead, here’s an interesting story on spey rods. It’s from Sage so it’s focused on the northwest. We would love to find a story on the same subject focused on the Erie Tributaries. Until then, we hope you enjoy this from Jon Hazlett.


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Winter Fishing

Winter Fishing Special

Winter fishing 0005We're having mild days, our guides are fishing, and catching fish. If this mild trend continues we'll fish straight through the winter. So, with that in mind, we're offering a Winter Special from now until March 1. Come for the afternoon, 1-4:00, 4 hours guided fishing for $175. It's the warmest part of the day and when the fish are most active. Dress warm and get outside in the fresh air. Give us a call to schedule. 570-925-2392.


Jim’s Winter Fishing Tips

And, while we’re on the subject of winter fishing, Jim, our head guide has some tips for us:
Winter Fly Fishing Tips

I have noticed in the last few years that winter fly fishing has become more popular, especially in our local area. It's always been popular in Central PA, on streams like Penn’s Creek, Spring Creek and other limestone streams. And I’m also seeing a lot of articles in fly fishing magazines, photos and stories on social media on winter fly fishing.

As with any outdoor adventure it's always good to be prepared and have some idea of what clothing to wear and other items to have on hand so it a fun and a successful day on the water. Dressing in layers is a very good way to keep warm and if the conditions warm up, you can always take a layer off. Beware though, over dressing will make you look like the Michelin Man and restrict your mobility. 

A hooded rain jacket that is wind proof and water proof is a must. A warm hat with ear muffs and a lined buff will keep your head and neck warm. Fingerless fishing gloves help to keep your hands from freezing. I just found a pair of Simms fingerless gloves that have a pouch on the wrist for a disposable hand warmer packet.  Guides 1841

If you live close by, putting your waders and boots on at home is a lot easier and warmer than booting up on the stream. If there is snow on the ground be sure to use rubber bottom soles with cleats. Snow will cling to the felt soles making it very difficult to walk.

One problem with winter fishing on colder days is that ice will form in the guides of your fly rod. Solution? I like to use Stanley's Ice off or Pam Cooking spray. It will work for a while. If ice still forms in the guides, try dipping the rod in the water and swoosh it around, the ice will thaw. But, unfortunately, the guides will ice up again. It's just part of winter fishing. A mono rig will shed water quicker than a thicker fly line. So when I'm fishing in air temperatures in the 20's I will Euro nymph with a Mono Rig. (That’s an article for another time…)

A list of other things to bring along:

• Polarized Sunglasses
• Hand warmers
• Water, thermos of coffee and some snacks
• Towel – attached to your waders or vest to wipe off your wets hand after releasing a fish
• Change of clothes – just in case – it's a long ride home when you’re soaking wet and cold
These items are good things to have in your car all year round and you might be surprised how often you will thank yourself.

Now you are set with equipment, let’s talked about what hatches you could see and what flies usually work best.

Insects in the winter? Absolutely! Especially on nice sunny blue bird days it's not uncommon to see BWO's, early black stoneflies, caddis and small midges. If the sun warms up the water even a degree or two, you could see some rising fish and have some dry fly fishing.

Winter nymph fishing is usually the name of the game and having nymphs of the above hatches is always a good idea. A rule of the thumb for winter fishing is to use small flies in hook sizes 16 to 22. But rules are made to be broken and myths abound in the fly fishing world so don’t be afraid to experiment.

A few days ago I caught several trout on a size 10 Sexy Walt’s Worm and dead drifting a Cathy's Super Bugger has been the hot flies this month so far. Be prepared for anything and think outside the box. Oh, and don’t forget the incredible edible egg. Are you old enough to remember that in a TV commercial about eggs? Trout know what we know. Eggs are high in protein and a great winter diet for the trout.

Jim 1860Best to time be on the water is from around 11:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m . It's usually the warmest part of the day and the most productive part of a winter day. It’s a good idea not to fish alone on cold winter days and having a buddy along can just add to the fun.

The idea of winter fly fishing is really hard for some anglers to grasp. It is a different mind set. But once you grasp it and are comfortable with fighting the elements it can be very rewarding. I'm not just out there to enjoy the beauty of a winter day. If that was the case I would just take a walk in the woods. I fish to catch fish and love the challenge that winter fishing brings and the feeling of accomplishment that I get from bringing a few trout to the net.

If you’ve never fished in the winter I like to encourage you do so. Hope some of the tips I mentioned will help you to enjoy these days on the water. I am happy to answer any question you might have. Click at the top of the blog to view it online and the comments box will appear. We love hearing from our readers.

  Patagonia Puff Pants

pat tuff pantsAnd still thinking about winter fishing, if you are looking for a layer that will keep you warm under your waders, check out Patagonia's Tough Puff Pants (#82005). Made from the same stretchy, durable fabric as the puff hoody, they are so warm you'll wear them as pants after fishing. For more information check them out at


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Guides Advice, Conservationist of the Year, & Photographing Fish

 Guide's Advice

It just so happened that our three guides – Jim, Tom & Brad, were here a few days back and Barry asked them a couple of questions about their most valuable gear. What do they never leave home without when guiding. Here are their answers:

 Conservationist of the Year

conservationistWe are very pleased and excited to announce that friend and Commissioner at Large for the Pennsylvania Fish & Boat Commission, Charles Charlesworth, has been chosen at 2021 Conservationist of the Year. It would be hard to find another person (although we know they are out there) who has been more committed or has worked harder than Charlie in protecting, preserving, rehabilitating streams and promoting fly fishing. Take a look at what he has done for the Lackawanna River. Pretty impressive. Congratulations Charlie!


Photographing Fish

We have drives full of stories that we have written for various publications over the years. Actually some are still stored in boxes of floppy disks, cds and DVDs, and some are so old we don't have the devices to access them. But, that's a problem for another day. As you know, the flies and some of the terminal tackle changes over the years, leaders get thinner and stronger, fly patterns come and go, as do gadgets. But the thing that doesn't change is the quarry – the fish. Over the next few months we will be republishing a few of the short stories from days gone by. Here's our first one Photographing Fish originally in Field & Stream, 2010. Photos in the album are a mix of good, funny and unplanned.

 We handle fish almost on a daily basis as either guide, trip host, or fishing photographer. So, when our friend and editor Doug Olander asked for a few suggestions on releasing fish after we take a photo we thought we might begin with talking about handling the fish.

There are some toothy critters out there and when we decide to photograph these, there are some things to think about. A big barracuda is the first fish that comes to mind. Sharks can be a dangerous handful and even a small jack crevalle can give a nasty wound if handled improperly. Heck, we can get a sore hand for a couple of days by getting poked with the dorsal fin of a harmless panfish! These potentially hazardous situations can be the result of getting our hands too close to a mouthful of teeth (as in barracuda), or coming in contact with a sharp spine or gill plate (jack or snook), or an actual intended bite (shark). Cathy once grabbed a decaying sockeye salmon for a photo in Alaska and managed to get her fingers inside its mouth. It took a month of antibiotics to finally rid her hands of infection caused by bacteria in the rotting process. Be careful where you put your hands. Often on big fish a boca grip is the safest way to handle them for a photograph.

0377 LIMAY RIVER 2017 After catching the fish, how we handle it for the photographs is critical to its survival after being released. Nothing is set in cement here as there are so many variables, but there are a couple things to keep in mind. If the fish is taxed from being played too long it will take longer to revive and even then he may not survive. If he has put up a hard fight and is obviously played out, we’ll often help revive and release him using the method described below without chancing a photograph. We don’t believe any photograph is worth killing the fish.

This is the system we use whenever we photograph fish. The longer we hold a fish out of the water the better the odds are of it not surviving the event. If the fish is in good shape one of us will compose the photo while the other is safely holding the fish under water either gently cradling it or using a net. The person in charge of the fish can be getting it into the correct position for the photograph before lifting it when the photographer gives the word. If the head of the fish is gently cradled in one hand while gripping just ahead of the tail with the other hand, you’ll see plenty of the fish in the photograph and have a comfortable hold on the fish. For big, slippery fish a fishing glove or even a sun glove will help grip the tail. Make sure the glove is wet to protect the fish.

We work with Nikon digital cameras so we take our first picture of the angler holding the fish underwater and then check our composition and light in the monitor of the camera. If we like it we do a one-two-three count, the fish is lifted out of the water, the angler smiles, and the photographer fires three quick shots and the fish goes back underwater.

If the images look good in the monitor, it’s time to release the fish. We’re still holding the fish with a firm grip just ahead of the tail keeping it in an upright position in the water. If it’s not anxious to go we slowly move it back and forth facing into the current making the gills work. Make sure the fish is in clean water where turtle grass, sand, or mud can't foul the gills. If it’s exhausted or bleeding there may be predator fish in the area waiting for a chance to get at him. If it starts to turn sideways or upside down it’s in trouble, rescue it and repeat the revival process. It may take some patience when you want to get back to fishing but if it’s a fish worthy of a picture, it's always worth ensuring it’s survival.

Click here to see the album of photos

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Happy New Year!


Wishing everyone a Happy New Year!  We'll be back next week with our first blog of 2021!

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